Cooking Conversions

WeightsIngredient Specific Volume/WeightsLiquidsTemperaturesLength

This chart will help you to convert from the old English weight system – used in the US – to the metric weight system used in most countries. Multiply ounces by 28.35 to get an approximation of grams, albeit in this chart we rounded up or down to keep it practical.

Teaspoons(tsp), Ounces(oz) Pounds(lbs) Grams(g), Kilograms(kg)
1/32 tsp smidgen
1/16 tsp pinch
1/8 tsp dash
1/6 oz 5 g
1/4 oz 7 g
1/2 oz 15 g
1 oz 30 g
2 oz 60 g
3 oz 85 g
4 oz 1/4 lb 115 g
5 oz 140 g
6 oz 170 g
8 oz 1/2 lb 225 g
9 oz 250 g
10 oz 285 g
12 oz 3/4 lb 340 g
14 oz 400 g
16 oz 1 lb 450 g
20 oz 1 1/4 lbs 560 g
24 oz 1 1/2 lbs 675 g
28 oz 1 3/4 lbs 800 g
32 oz 2 lbs 900 g
2 1/2 lbs 1 3/4 kg
3 lbs 1 kg 350 g
3 1/2 lbs 1 1/2 kg
4 lbs 1 kg 800 g
4 1/2 lbs 2 kg

In the US, recipe ingredients are often measured by volume. The rest of the world favors measuring by weight. Since food items vary in density, you can’t use a simple arithmetic formula to translate from one to the other. As for weight, multiply ounces by 28.35 to get an approximation of grams or go to the previous Weights chart.

Ingredient cups (US), size, teaspoons or tablespoons ounces (approx.) grams (approx.)
Almonds (sliced)1/2 cup1 1/243
Almonds (slivered)1/2 cup257
Almonds (whole, unblanched)1 cup5142
Almonds (ground, unblanched)1 cup4.2120
Almond Flour (normal or toasted)1 cup3 3/896
Almond Paste (packed)1 cup9 1/8259
Apples (dried, diced)1 cup385
Apples (raw, peeled, sliced)1 cup4113
Apricots (dried, diced)1/2 cup2 1/464
Artichoke Hearts (frozen or canned and drained)1 cup5 5/8170
Arugula (loosely packed)1 cup1 3/450
Arugula (1 bunch, loosely packed)3 1/2 cups6 1/8175
Asparagus (raw, cut in pieces)1 cup4.4125
Bacon (smoked or air-dried, sliced or cubed)1 cup5140
Baking Powder1 teaspoon4
Baking Soda1/2 teaspoon3
Bananas (mashed)1 cup8227
Barley (cooked)1 cup7 5/8215
Barley (pearled)1 cup7 1/2213
Basil Leaves (chopped)1 cup128
Basil Pesto2 tablespoons128
Beans (cooked, drained)1 cup9255
Beans (dry or frozen)1 cup7200
Beansprouts1 cup4113
Beets (raw, sliced, diced or grated)1 cup5.3150
Berries (frozen)1 cup5142
Blueberries (dried)1 cup5 1/2156
Blueberries (fresh)1 cup6170
Bread Crumbs (dried)1/4 cup128
Bread Crumbs (Panko)1 cup1 3/450
Bread Crumbs (fresh)1 cup1 1/243
Bread Flour1 cup4 1/4120
Broccoli (broken into florets)1 cup6175
Bulgur1 cup5 3/8152
Butter1/2 cup, 1 stick4113
Buttermilk1 cup8227
Cabbage (raw, shredded, sliced or chopped)1 cup3.5100
Capers (rinsed)1/4 cup1 1/243
Caraway Seeds2 tablespoons5/818
Cashews (chopped)1 cup4113
Cashews (whole)1 cup4113
Carrots (grated)1 cup3 1/2100
Carrots (cooked and puréed)1 cup9255
Carrots (diced)1 cup5140
Cauliflower (florets)1 cup3 1/2100
Celery (diced)1 cup3 1/2100
Cereal1 cup7 1/4205
Cheese (Cheddar, Jack, Mozzarella, Swiss, grated)1 cup4113
Cheese (Cream or Soft Cheese)1 cup8227
Cheese (Parmesan, Pecorino, Romano, grated)1 cup3 1/2100
Cherries (dried)1 cup5142
Cherries (candied)1/4 cup1 3/450
Cherries (frozen)1 cup4113
Chicken (pieces, cooked, shredded)1 cup4 3/8125
Chives (fresh, chopped)1 cup1.748
Chickpeas (dried)1 cup7200
Chickpeas (canned, drained)1 can (15oz net)15425
Chickpeas (cooked)1 cup6165
Chickpea Flour1 cup385
Chocolate (chopped)1 cup6170
Chocolate Chips1 cup6170
Chorizo (smoked or air-dried, sliced or cubed)1 cup5140
Cilantro/Coriander Leaves (chopped)1 cup128
Cocoa Powder1 cup3.5100
Coconut (sweetened, shredded)1 cup385
Coconut (unsweetened, shredded)1 cup4113
Coconut (unsweetened, large flakes)1 cup2 1/860
Coconut Flour1 cup4 1/2128
Coconut Milk Powder1/2 cup257
Cookie Crumbs1 cup385
Corn (frozen or canned, drained)1 cup6 1/4175
Cornmeal (whole)1 cup4 7/8138
Cornmeal (yellow)1 cup5 1/2156
Corn Syrup1 cup11312
Cornstarch1/4 cup128
Cottage Cheese1 cup5 2/3160
Couscous (dried)1 cup6175
Couscous (pearl or Israeli, dried)1 cup5.6160
Couscous (cooked)1 cup8.1230
Cranberries (dried)1/2 cup260
Cranberries (fresh or frozen)1 cup3 1/2100
Cream (heavy, light, or half & half)1 cup8225
Cream Cheese1 cup8227
Cucumber (raw, with peel, sliced or diced)1 cup4 1/8120
Currants1 cup5142
Dates (chopped)1 cup5 1/4149
Egg white (fresh)1 large1 1/435
Egg yolk (fresh)1 large1/214
Eggplant (raw, sliced or cut)1 cup3 1/2100
Fennel (raw, cut into pieces)1 cup390
Feta Cheese (crumbled, cubed)1 cup4113
Figs (dried, chopped)1 cup5 1/4149
Flour (All-Purpose)1 cup4 1/4120
Flour (Bread)1 cup4 1/4120
Flour (Cake Flour)1 cup4 1/4120
Flour (European Artisan, 00-Flour, Pizza Flour)1 cup4 1/4120
Flour (Pastry Flour)1 cup3 3/4106
Flour (Self-Rising)1 cup4 7/8140
Flour (White Rye)1 cup3 3/4106
Flour (Whole Wheat)1 cup4113
Garlic (cloves, in skin for roasting)1 large head4113
Garlic (minced)2 tablespoons128
Garlic (peeled and sliced)1 cup5 1/4149
Ginger (crystallized)1/2 cup3 1/492
Ginger (fresh, sliced)1/4 cup257
Graham Crackers (crushed)1 cup5142
Graham Cracker Crumbs (boxed)1 cup3 1/299
Granola1 cup4113
Grape Nuts1/2 cup257
Green Beans (raw, chopped or sliced)1 cup5 1/4150
Green Beans (cooked, sliced, diced or chopped and drained)1 cup6 1/4180
Ham (smoked or air-dried, sliced or cubed)1 cup5140
Hazelnuts (whole)1 cup5142
Honey1 tablespoon3/421
Jam or preserves1 cup12330
Kale (raw, chopped or cut into ribbons)1 cup2 3/867
Lard1/2 cup4113
Leeks (diced)1 cup3 1/492
Lentils (dry)1 cup7 1/8200
Macadamia Nuts (whole)1 cup5 1/4149
Mayonnaise1 cup8230
Meats (smoked or air-dried, sliced or cubed1 cup5140
Molasses1/4 cup385
Mushrooms (sliced)1 cup2 3/478
Noodles (dry)4 servings12360
Oat (rolled oats)1 cup3.290
Oat Bran1 cup3 3/4106
Olives (pitted and chopped or sliced)1 cup5142
Onions (fresh, diced)1 cup5140
Oregano (freh leaves, chopped)1 cup128
Orzo Pasta (dry)1 cup6.7190
Pancetta (diced)1 cup5140
Parsley (chopped)1 cup128
Pasta (dry)4 servings12360
Peaches (peeled and diced)1 cup6170
Peanut Butter1/2 cup4 3/4135
Peanuts (ground)1 cup4 1/2130
Pears (peeled and diced)1 cup5 3/4163
Peas (dry)1 cup8230
Peas (shelled, fresh or frozen)1 cup5.3150
Pecans (diced)1/2 cup257
Pepperoncini (from the jar, drained)1/4 cup3/425
Peppers (fresh, sliced, diced)1 cup5142
Peppers (canned or in jar, drained and sliced)1 cup8225
Pineapple (dried)1/2 cup2 1/271
Pineapple (fresh or canned, diced)1 cup6170
Pine Nuts1/2 cup2 1/271
Pistachio Nuts1/2 cup2 1/860
Poppy Seeds2 tablespoons5/818
Polenta (coarse ground)1 cup5 3/4163
Potatoes (raw, sliced or diced)1 cup8230
Potatoes (cooked, sliced, diced or mashed)1 cup11 1/2325
Potato Flour1/4 cup1 5/846
Potato Starch1 cup5 3/8152
Prunes (dried, stoned)1 cup4 1/2125
Puff Pastry1 sheet9 1/8260
Pumpkin (canned)1 cup8227
Quinoa (uncooked)1 cup6 1/4177
Quinoa (cooked)1 cup6 1/2184
Quinoa Flour1 cup3 7/8110
Raisins (loose)1 cup5 1/4149
Raisins (packed)1/2 cup385
Raspberries (fresh)1 cup4 1/4120
Rhubarb (fresh, medium dice)1 cup4 1/4120
Rice (cooked)1 cup6170
Rice (dry, uncooked)1 cup7200
Rice Flour1 cup5142
Ricotta1 cup8227
Rocket, Rucola (1 bunch,loosely packed)3 1/2 cups6-7170-200
Salmon (smoked, sliced)1 medium slice25
Sausage (smoked or air-dried, sliced or cubed)1 cup5140
Scallions (sliced)1 cup2 1/464
Semolina Flour1 cup5 3/4163
Sesame Seeds1/2 cup2 1/271
Shallots (peeled and sliced)1 cup5 1/2156
Shrimps (peeled and deveined, head section off)1 cup12340
Sorghum Flour1 cup4 7/8138
Sour Cream1 cup8227
Sourdough Starter1 cup8 to 8 ½ ounces227-241
Spinach (raw, leaves, loosely packed)1 cup130
Spinach (cooked and drained)1 cup8225
Strawberries (fresh sliced)1 cup5 7/8167
Sugar (granulated white)1 cup8225
Sugar (confectioners, unsifted)1 cups4113
Sugar (dark or light brown, packed)1 cup7 1/2213
Sugar (Demerara)1 cup7 3/4220
Sunflower Seeds1/4 cup1 1/435
Tahini Paste1/2 cup4 1/2128
Tapioca (quick-cooking)2 tablespoons3/421
Tapioca Starch1 cup4113
Toffee Chunks1 cup5 1/2156
Tomatoes (fresh, diced or chopped)1 cup7200
Tomatoes (passata, pureed, no seeds, no skins)1 cup8230
Tomatoes (sundried, dry pack)1 cup6170
Vegetable Shortening1/2 cup3 1/492
Walnuts (whole)1 cup4 1/2128
Walnuts (chopped)1 cup4113
Yeast (dry quick yeast)1 sachet or packet1/47
Yogurt1 cup9250
Zucchini (shredded)1 cup5 1/4150
Teaspoons (tsp), Tablespoons (Tbsp), Cups, Pints (pt), Quarts (qt) Liquid Ounces (oz) Milliliters (ml), Liters (L)
1 tsp 1/6 oz 5 ml
1 Tbsp 1/2 oz 15 ml
4 Tbsp or 1/4 cup 2 oz 60 ml
5 Tbsp or 1/3 cup 2 2/3 oz 80 ml
1/2 cup 4 oz 120 ml
2/3 cup 5 1/3 160 ml
3/4 cup 6 oz 180 ml
1 cup 8 oz 240 ml
1 1/4 cups 10 oz 300 ml
1 1/3 cups 10 2/3 oz 325 ml
1 1/2 cups 12 oz 355 ml
1 2/3 cups 13 1/3 oz 385 ml
1 3/4 cups 14 oz 420 ml
2 cups 16 oz 500 ml or 1/2 L
2 1/2 cups 20 oz 590 ml
3 cups 24 oz 750 ml or 3/4 L
3 1/2 cups 28 oz 830 ml
4 cups or 1 qt 32 oz 1 L
5 cups 40 oz 1 1/4 L
6 cups or 1 1/2 qt 48 oz 1 1/2 L
8 cups or 2qt 64 oz 2 L
10 cups or 2 1/2 qt 80 oz 2 1/2 L
12 cups or 3 qt 96 oz 2 3/4 L

The formula to convert from Fahrenheit (°F) to Celsius (°C) is Celsius= (°F-32) x 5/9. As an example: (125°F − 32) × 5/9 = 51.66°C. In the chart below I have rounded up/down to the next convenient metric oven temparature setting.

Verbal Fahrenheit (F) Celsius (C) Gas Mark
Keep Warm 125° F 50° C  
  150° F 65° C  
  200° F 95° C  
  225° F 110° C 1/4
Very Low Heat 250° F 120° C 1/2
  275° F 135° C 1
Low Heat 300° F 150° C 2
  325° F 160° C 3
Moderate Heat 350° F 175° C 4
Medium Heat 375° F 190° C 5
  400° F 200° C 6
Hot 425° F 220° C 7
Very Hot 450° F 230° C 8
Extremely Hot 475° F 245° C 9
 Maximum Hot 500° F 260° C 10

Quick length conversion chart up 12 inches (1 ft). The formula for inches to millimeters is multiply inches 254 and from inches to centimeters multiply inches by 2.54.

Inches (” or in.) Feet (ft) Millimeter (mm) Centimeter (cm)
1/8 3.175
1/4 6.35 0.635
3/8 9.5 0.95
1/2 12.7 1.27
5/8 15.88 1.58
7/8 18.1 1.80
1 254 2.54
1 1/4 318 3.18
1 1/2 1/8 381 3.81
1 3/4 445 4.45
2 5.08
2 1/4 5.72
2 1/2 6.35
2 3/4 7
3 1/4 7.62
3 1/2 8.9
4 10.16
4 1/2 11.43
5 12.7
5 1/2 14
6 1/2 15.24
6 1/2 16.51
7 17.8
8 20.32
9 3/4 22.86
10 25.4
11 27.94
12 1 30.48